How should book printing enterprises cope with the off-season?
although the total amount of mainland textbooks accounts for only more than 10% of the total amount of printed materials, they account for a considerable share in the printing source. During the peak season, some printing factories undertake teaching materials tasks that even exceed the total production capacity of the factory. Therefore, as soon as the teaching materials are printed, the factories have to run at full power. Two shifts of people are used on top of three shifts, engaging in continuous and fatigue operations. Although the Shanghai printing factory has also completed the task in most cases, it is inevitable that the radish is fast and does not wash the mud, which makes the product quality unsatisfactory. Moreover, the equipment and personnel are overloaded. The life of the equipment should be shortened, and the employees' bodies are overdrawn, and some fall ill halfway. When the peak season passed, the production task was immediately reduced. France introduced high-strength epoxy resin composites. Some printing enterprises had to cover the equipment and give employees a holiday. Especially in 2006, due to the pricing problem, the textbooks were printed more than a month late, and the factories were afraid to undertake other tasks, so they had to repeatedly urge and complain. From a macro point of view, in order to meet the demand for centralized printing of teaching materials, printing enterprises must equip all kinds of resources that are far greater than the average value, resulting in the lack of the average operating rate of book and periodical printing enterprises, resulting in the waste of resources and the decline of printing prices
ideas and measures to deal with the slack and peak seasons of textbooks
the author believes that the most fundamental thing is to have sufficient time to balance plate making, printing and binding. According to the requirements of the government, lidongli, director of the packaging research office of the Key Laboratory of Beijing Institute of printing, told China chemical industry that the arrival of newspaper materials before class was a political task that China's publishing and printing industry must complete. There can be no ambiguity, so the relevant government departments can only set the deadline for the textbook and the delivery time to the printing plant in advance. For example, can we advance the delivery time of autumn textbooks to April, preferably March; The distribution of textbooks in spring will be staggered. The plan is to make less efforts during the peak period of textbooks and more efforts during the trough period of textbooks. For example, the annual book ordering meeting and the National Book Festival in Beijing should be held in the late peak season of textbooks, so that the publishing house can get the order and send it to the printing enterprises in the off-season of textbooks. As a publishing house based on textbooks, it should consciously make way for textbooks, rather than compete with textbooks for limited valuable time to complete a certain period of tasks due to artificial plans and restrictions on indicators
some methods and ideas in the operation of the textbook itself. For example, the Publishing Department of the publishing house knows the ordering intention from subscribers in advance, signs contracts as soon as possible, and provides the printing number to the publishing department; It can also break the practice of providing the number of prints by batch, so that it can be provided in real time and a single supply, which is convenient for the publishing department to arrange production in time; For sure orders, try to pre print in advance; For textbooks with large print volume, they can be printed and delivered in batches realistically according to the needs of subscribers, without meaningless cycle requirements